Film editing has greatly developed with a method which structures work into different stages. Film editing is under the long creative prior production strategy of filmmaking. Filmmaking is a tough process which needs to be written three times; first on the screenwriter’s computer, the second during production and finally the third time during editing. The developed method of editing classical films is similar to all film editors in the world. The following are the different steps involved in film editing.
Logging and the first assembly
The sorted dailies are labeled in bins with each take involving notes from the cinematographer or director. The editor sees the film for the first time at this point hence it is out of sequence and out of story context. Professional and highly trained editor searches for the fluidity of movement and views the rushes and nuances that are later incorporated in the film. The first assembly is a sketch of the final product which offers reference when the editor makes a mistake. The editor carefully sorts out the audio and visual materials and arranges them in a way to tell the best story.
Different arrangements result in different types of stories and different moods in the story. As soon as the film shooting starts the editing of features which involve large budget commences. Main editing work involves assembling scenes and the rushes for producer and director to view. The role of the director and editor is to decide the additional footage of key moments necessary to facilitate the making of many editing choices
Variations, Rough Cut and First Cut
A rough cut is a long process which can involve up to three months of work. Rough cut involves placing scenes together and in order of the required continuity. The rough cut period in editing gives time for new ideas to be incorporated and allow revision to take place. The rough cut that is first accepted by the producer, director and the editor is known as the first cut. The sequence and selection are fixed, however, changes can be made. Detailed and deep cut starts from proportions to structures and rhythms and finally the emphases. It is always wise to rest the first cut for a few days so as the whole team can witness it.
Fine Cut and Final Cut
The fine cut is not deep since it does not focus the entire film but on the details of every cut. The main reason for the fine cut is to strengthen and emphasize the structures and rhythms noticed in the first cut. After a firm agreement between the producer, director, and editor on the fine cut, the title designer, and sound engineered music composer join the team. The next step involves adding the music and sound effects to the final cut. When everyone is agreeing with the final cut, the remaining step is to send the Edit Decision List to the lab to confirm the negative cutter to the Edit Decision List to enhance a negative which is similar to the final cut.